Language: Persian (Farsi) is the most widely spoken language .Azeri in the northwest around Tabriz. Arabic is spoken in Khuzestan in the southwest, Kurdish on the western part, there are so many dialect such as luri, bakhtiari and baluchi.
English , French and German are spoken by some businesspeople and officials.
Religion: Iranians are mostly Shi’ite, with a minority of Sunnis. 300,000 Christians, 80,000 Jews and 30,000 Zoroastrians.
Time: GMT + 3.5 (GMT + 4.5 from March to 21 September).
Electricity: 220 volts AC, 50Hz. Plugs are of the round two-pin type.
Currency: Iranian Rial (IR), Notes are of IR100,000, 50000, 20000 and 10000. Coins are of IR 5000, 2000, 1000.
Currency exchange: It is advisable to bring hard currency
for exchange purposes.
Credit & debit cards: Master card’s is accepted in some places,
but credit cards should not be relied on as the means of payment.
So it is better to carry cash with you.
Travelers cheques: It is not possible to change travelers cheques.
Banking hours: Most banks work half day on Thursdays and closed on Fridays.
Fixed Public Holidays
11 February Revolution Day
20 March Day of Nationalization of the Oil Industry
21-25 March Noruz
1 April Islamic Republic Day
2 April Sizdah-bedar ( National day to end of Noruz, people send a day in the country)
4 June Death of Imam Khomeini
5 June 15th of Khordad
Moveable Public Holidays
Martyrdom of Hazrate Fatemeh (s) FEB 20 2018
Birthday of Imam Ali (s) MARCH 31 2018
Mabas APR 14 2018
Birthday of Imam Mahdi(s)(12th Imam) MAY 02 2018
Martyrdom Of Imam Ali (s) JUN 06 2018
Eid Al Fitr JUN 16 2018
Martyrdom of Imam Jafar Sadegh(s) (5th Imam) JUL 09 2018
Eid Al Adha AUG 22 2018
Eid Al Ghadir AUG 30 2018
Ashura SEP 19-20 2018
Arbaeen (The 40th day of Imam Hossein(s) mortyrdom) OCT 30 2018
Death of Prophet Mohammad (s) NOV 07 2018
Martyrdom of Imam Reza(s) NOV 08 2018
Birthday of Prophet Mohammad(s) (Mawil of Nabi) NOV 25 2018
Climate: Dry and hot in summer, cold in winter, low annual rainfall.
Required clothing: Light clothes is worn from April to October. Warm cloths are advised from November to March.
Iran has a good and fairly inexpensive transportation system such as Taxi, Bus, Metro (Underground). There is a good national bus network from major cities to all parts of Iran.
An International passport, which should be valid for at least 6 months is required for immigration at the airport and for hotel procedures.
Travel Insurance is strongly recommended for any possible loss or, damage to your luggage, medical emergencies and some travel related accidents. Consult your travel agent before departing.
Food & Drink:
Rice is the main food and the Iranians cook it superb. Dishes include chelo Khorest (rice topped with vegetables and meat in a sauces), Polo sabzi (Pilau rice cooked with fresh herbs), polo shirin (sweet-sour saffron-coloured rice with raisins, almonds and orange), adas polo (rice, lentils and meat), Zereshk polo (Chicken and pilau rice), chelo Kabab (rice with meats cooked over charcoal), Kofte (minced meat formed into meatballs), abgusht, khoreste badinjan (mutton and aubergine stew), mast-o khiar (cold yoghurt, chopped cucumber and raisins), and dolme (stuffed aubergine or peppers). Most Iranian meals are eaten with spoon and fork, but visitors may choose Western dish and eat with a knife and fork.
Fruit and vegetable juices are popular, as are sparking mineral water. Tea is also popular and there are many tea-houses (Chay-khane). The consumption of alcohol is strictly forbidden.
Before visiting Iran make sure you have got appropriate clothing, which with the prevailing cultural norms of Iran. Hijab, the “traditional” Iranian dress code for women requires them to cover their body modestly.
A simple pair of socks and headscarf with a pair of pants and lose Shirt is what need to have on before coming to Iran, after arrival you can simply buy your travel cloths in any shopping center and mall.